Katoomba is in New South Wales, Australia. It is on the Great Western Highway 110 kilometres west of Sydney.
Coal mining brought settlers to the region in the 1800s, and in 1878 the once ramshackle collection of dwellings known as Crushers became the town of Katoomba.
Before World War I, Katoomba started to attract holidaymakers, who were drawn to the area by the mountain air. The town blossomed into a tourist centre that boasted a number of guesthouses and retreats.
Katoomba is the main tourist centre in the Blue Mountains with a variety of things to do. You can get great views of the famous Three Sisters from Echo Point. Just west of this is the Scenic Railway, an old coalmining train built on an angle of 45 degrees, and the Scenic Skyway which travels 200m above the valley.
From the bottom of the valley you can take a wonderful mountain walk. It is beautiful just to see part of it, although it is worth walking for the full 6 hours to the Ruined Castle rock formation.
South West of Katoomba is the Kanangra-Boyd National Park where you will find the Jenolan Caves. Although parts of the limestone caves are yet unexplored, you can visit parts of them.
Katoomba has manyy hotels, hostels and guest-houses, the oldest and most prominent of which is the Carrington Hotel, established in 1882 and occupying the highest point in town.
The nearby village of Leura also features numerous well-appointed hotels and health spas.