The First Fleet arrives at Sydney Cove under Captain Arthur Phillip to establish the first settlement in Australia. This was to be a penal colony - Sydney was founded. The date of his arrival, 26 January, went on to mark Australia Day.
|1801 - 1899|| |
The great age of exploration: coastal surveys (Bass, Flinders), interior (Sturt, Eyre, Leichhardt, Burke and Willis, McDouall Stuart, Forrest). Also the era of the bushrangers, overlanders, and squatters, and individuals such as William Buckley and Ned Kelly.
Mathew Flinders completes the first voyage around Australia in the 'Investigator'.
Castle Hill Rising by Irish convicts in New South Wales.
Barrier of the Blue Mountains Crossed.
Western Australia formed.
South Australia formed.
|1840 - 1868|| |
Convict transportation ended.
|1851 - 1861|
Victoria achieved government.
Western Australia achieved government.
Depression gave rise to the Australian Labor Party.
|1899 - 1900|| |
South African War - forces offered by the individual colonies.
Site for capital at Canberra acquired.
|1914 - 1918|| |
World War I - Anzac troops in Europe including Gallipoli. Australia experiences her first major losses in a war during in 1915 on the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey.
|1939 - 1945|| |
World War II - Anzac troops in Greece, Crete, and N Africa (El Alamein) and the Pacific. The Japanese bomb Darwin in 1942.
Curtin's appeal to USA for help in the World War marked the end of the special relationship with Britain.
Liberal party founded by Menzies.
|1948 - 1975|| |
Two million new immigrants, the majority from continental Europe
|1950 - 1953|| |
Korean War - Australian troops part of the United Nations forces.
|1964 - 1972|| |
Vietnam War - Comonwealth troops in alliance with US forces.
|1966 - 1974|| |
Mineral boom typified by the Posiedon nickel mine.
The ASEAN was established
Britain entered the Common Market, and in the 1970's Japan became Australia's chief trading partner.
Whitlam abolishes 'white Australia' policy.
Constitutional crisis; Prime Minister Whitlam dismissed by the governor general.
United Nations trust territory of Papua New Guinea became independent.
The Liberal Party under Malcolm Fraser comes to power.
Northern Territory achieved self-government.
Opening of uranium mines in Northern Territory.
Hawke convened first national economic summit - The Fraser Government is defeated in the election and the Australian Labour Party under Bob Hawke forms a government.
Australia celebrates its Bicentennial - 200 years since the first European settlement.
Paul Keating replaced Bob Hawke as Labour Party leader and Prime Minister.
|1994||The ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) was established|
Labour Party ousted in general election by Liberal-National Coalition.
John Howard replaced Paul Keating as Prime Minister.
|1901 - 1999|| |
Australian Prime Ministers of the 20th Century